New Semiconductors Provide Higher Speeds and Lower Power Consumption/China Invests in Domestic Chip Manufacturing and Research, Business and Industry Trends Analysis

The standard process for commercial-use semiconductor manufacturing as of 2016 was 3-D 22-nanometer chips, but this will rapidly evolve to 14-nanometer and smaller chips.  Prior to 2007, most manufacturers were building two-dimensional chips using 90-nanometer wafers.  Intel’s leap to 45-nanometer technology in 2007 approximately doubled the number of transistors that fit within a given space on a chip.  The nanometer measurement refers to the smallest average feature on a chip.  The smaller the measurement, the more transistors can be incorporated into a chip of given size.  A nanometer is one billionth of a meter.  A 22-nanometer chip is small enough…

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