Innovations in Bucky Balls, Nanotubes, Single Wall Nanotubes (SWNTs) and Nanopores Make Commercial Production a Reality, Business and Industry Trends Analysis

Bucky Balls and Carbon Nanotubes:  Carbon has proven to be the most promising element for use in nano-sized structures.  It was previously thought that pure carbon came in only two forms (called allotropes):  diamond (commonly known as a gemstone), forming densely packed cubes; and graphite, which is made up of carbon atoms bonded into sheets that slide along one another.  However, in 1985 the buckminsterfullerene (commonly called “bucky ball”) was discovered in the U.S., when an electric arc was passed between two carbon rods.  New formations, composed of 60 or 70 carbon atoms, were arranged in a spherical shape, resembling…

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